Following the Commission Staff Working Document accompanying the Eastern Partnership (EaP) Communication of 3 December 2008 it was agreed to establish a potential flagship initiative on an Integrated Border Management (IBM) Program. The concept of the project is described as follows:

“Building on EU experience of upgrading border management at the EaP countries’ non-EU borders could be developed. This is a precondition for effectively tackling customs fraud, trafficking and illegal migration, and thus for progress in key policy areas such as trade, customs and visas. Setting up integrated border management structures aligned to EU standards is also an important prerequisite for progress on the mobility of persons. Assistance for border demarcation, where appropriate, could also be provided in the frame of this initiative”

To achieve the specific objectives of the IBM Flagship Initiative, the European Neighborhood Partnership (ENPI) Regional program 2010-2013 included an EaP IBM Flagship Initiative project and an IBM Panel was established and attached to the EaP Platform 1 "Democracy, Good governance and Stability".

As a preparation for the elaboration of the project proposal for the IBM Flagship Initiative Training project the participants of the EaP IBM Panel discussed the draft study for the EaP IBM Flagship Initiative project, which included concrete proposals for training activities Based on the above mentioned study and the decision of the European Commission and the members of the EaP IBM Panel the following 6 core and one horizontal thematic area were identified and approved by the participants of the IBM Panel:

  1. Support to the implementation of IBM strategy and action plan,

  2. Document integrity and security, detection of forgeries and imposter recognition,

  3. Risk analysis for border guards and customs,

  4. Detection of drugs and smuggled cigarettes/tobacco products,

  5. Protection of intellectual property rights,

  6. Combating trafficking in human beings,

  7. Fight against corruption (horizontal thematic area).


During preparatory discussions, the following requirements for the project were set:

  • Ensure that the regional nature of the project is respected;

  • Guarantee national ownership from the partner countries;

  • Through the regional approach and national ownership ensure sustainability of the results;

  • Allow for the intense involvement of participating EU and MS institutions and;

  • Avoid overlap and ensure compatibility with other ongoing and planned activities.

Taking into account the professional background and extensive experience, ICMPD was chosen to elaborate and implement the EaP IBM FIT project. The project started on the 1 January 2011 with duration of 24+6 months. Beneficiary countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.


Objectives and results:

Overall Objective

The overall objective of the proposed action is to facilitate the movement of persons and goods across borders in the six EaP countries, while at the same time maintaining secure borders through the enhancement of inter-agency cooperation, bilateral and multi-lateral cooperation among the target countries, EU member states and other international stakeholders.

Specific Objectives

  • To facilitate inter-institutional dialogue among the border agencies in beneficiary countries, EU member states and other international stakeholders on border related issues

  • To elaborate a monitoring mechanism to assess the long-term impact of the EaP IBM Flagship initiative

  • To increase IBM awareness in all six Eastern Partnership countries and to support the establishment of coherent road map for implementation

  • To enhance operational capacities by providing operational and country specific capacity building activities on specified topics based on needs identified by the beneficiary institutions

  • To raise awareness and support to the appropriate fight against corruption in the 6 EaP countries

  • To contribute to the establishment of modern training system in the 6 beneficiary countries

Expected results

  • Management of border agencies is informed on the concept of IBM and about the advantages and good practices in relation to the identified thematic areas in terms of border management

  • Elaborated monitoring mechanism to assess the long-term impact of EaP IBM Flagship projects

  • IBM strategies and action plans are in process of development or in advanced stage of update in line with latest IBM standards

  • Trained officials from the beneficiaries’ countries on specific topics such as risk analysis, document integrity and security, fight against smuggling drugs/cigarettes and tobacco products and protection of intellectual property rights

  • The capacity of border guards and other frontline agencies in participating countries are enhanced through a series of training programmes focusing on identifying victims, inspecting and intercepting potential trafficking situations, gathering intelligence and conduct successful investigations, as well as on victim protection, migrant's rights and human rights

  • Awareness raised on appropriate fight against corruption in the 6 EaP countries

  • Enhanced training capacity of the beneficiaries’ institutions and ability to conduct trainings for border agencies based on the principles of local ownership